SC22/WG20 N853

Finnish in Finland

Administrative information for this specification


Two letter code:


Natural language code:

Character set used for representing cultural data in this specification:
ISO/IEC 8859-1

TIEKE Finnish Information Society Development Centre

Salomonkatu 17 A
10th floor

Responsible person:
Erkki I. Kolehmainen

Contact person for cultural data:
Pauli Kurjonen

E-mail of the contact person:

Phone number:
+358 9 4763 0400

Fax number:
+358 9 4763 0399

National Committee (balloted version)

Date of the data provision:

Version number of the application:

Clause 1: Alphanumeric deterministic ordering

Ordering of characters:
a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o, p, q, r, s, s-caron, t, u, v, w, x, y, z, z-caron, å ,ä, ö

Short description of the ordering rules:
Capital and small letters are equal. Other accented characters are ordered as if the diacritical marks were non-existent
In certain instances, familiar foreign characters are ordered according to the equivalent character in Finnish (e.g. ü=y )

National Committee

Clause 2: Classification of characters

Upper and lower cases exist for all Finnish letters.
a, e, i, o, u, y, å, ä and ö are vowels, the rest characters are consonants

Clause 3: Numeric formatting

COMMA <,> for decimal separator, NO--BREAK SPACE < > for thousands separator (although FULLSTOP <.> may be used for monetary values)

Clause 4: Monetary formatting

Monetary formatting - name of the currency:
markkaa, EUR

International currency code:

Positive International numeric format:
FIM 654,30, EUR 654,30

Negative International numeric format:
FIM -654,30, EUR -654,30

Domestic Currency symbol:
mk, € 

Positive Domestic numeric format:
654,30 mk, 654,30 €

Negative Domestic numeric format
-654,30 mk, -654,30 €

Thousand and decimal separator:
22.225.744,30 mk, 22.225.744,30 €

Clause 5: Date and time conventions


English name Natural language name Short

Weekday name

Sunday sunnuntai su
Monday maanantai ma
Tuesday tiistai ti
Wednesday keskiviikko ke
Thursday torstai to
Friday perjantai pe
Saturday lauantai la

Month names:

English name Natural language name Short

Month name

January tammikuu 1.
February helmikuu 2.
March maaliskuu 3.
April huhtikuu 4.
May toukokuu 5.
June kesäkuu 6.
July heinäkuu 7.
August elokuu 8.
September syyskuu 9.
October lokakuu 10.
November marraskuu 11.
December joulukuu 12.

Date in numeric format:
25.1.1999 in text, optionally (outside text) 1999-01-25

Time before noon:
6.05 in text, optionally (outside text) 6:05

Time after noon:
16.05 in text, optionally (outside text) 16:05

Date in non numeric format:
25. tammikuuta 1999

Time before noon:

Time after noon:

Clause 6: Affirmative and negative answers

Affirmative expression
Kyllä or K

Negative expression
Ei or E

Clause 9: Character set considerations

aA, bB, cC, dD, eE, fF, gG, hH, iI, jJ, kK, lL, mM, nN, oO, pP, qQ, rR, sS, s-caron, S-caron, tT, uU, vV, wW, xX, yY, zZ, z-caron, Z-caron, åÅ, äÄ, öÖ

Foreign letters or characters that are allowed by the language orthography:
cC, qQ, s-caron, S-caron, wW, xX, zZ, z-caron, Z-caron

Coded character sets used in the country:
SFS ISO/IEC 8859-15 (first priority), ISO/IEC 8859-1, MS 1252, CP 850 (858), (ISO/IEC 10646-1)

Characters missing in the code sets:
s-caron, z-caron from some, e.g. ISO/IEC 8859-1

Clause 12: Character properties

Vocals: a, e, i, o, u, y, å, ä, ö, rest consonants

Clause 13: Use of special characters

The following quotation marks are used in both the beginning and the end of the quotation:
quotation mark
right single quotation mark
right-pointing double angle quotation mark

Clause 16: Personal name rules


Clause 17: Inflection

Highly characteristic.

Clause 31: Paper formats