WG15 Defect Report Ref: 9945-1-05
Topic: root directory

This is an approved interpretation of 9945-1:1990.


Last update: 1997-05-20

                                                                9945-1-90 #5

        Classification: Editorial defect


	Topic:			root directory
	Relevant Sections:,, B.2.3.7

Defect Report:

    In root directory [General Terms], page 19, line 341:
        "root directory:  A directory, associated with a process ..."
    In Description [Process Creation], page 42, lines 33-36:
        "All other process characteristics defined by this part of ISO/IEC
	9945 shall be the same in the parent and child processes.  The
	inheritance of process characteristics not defined in this part of
	ISO/IEC 994 is unspecified by this part of ISO/IEC 9945, but should
	be specified in the system documentation."
    In B.2.3.7 pathname resolution [General Concepts], page 211,
    lines 1131-1132:
	"The initialization of the root directory of a process is
	implementation defined.".
    According to the normative text, however, either the root directory
    is inherited on fork(), or it is unspecified.  It is certainly not
    implementation defined.  Since the definition of "root directory"
    identifies it as associated with a process, it seems as though
    inheritance is specified.  Is the rationale in error?  Does
    "initialization" refer to something other than "inheritance"?

WG15 response for ISO/IEC 9945-1:1990 (IEEE Std 1003.1-1990)

The rationale is in error.

Rationale for Interpretation:
The standard requires the root directory to be inherited in the
child process after a call to fork.  
An application cannot make any assumption about its root
directory on invocation (nor can a user upon login). In 
particular it is not safe to assume that all processes have the
same root.